On 16 July 2018, Afghanistan, as the first country in Asia, formally announced its decision to “join and support the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF)” as a country of origin. The application of comprehensive responses, while attaching more importance on the peacebuilding and development components, is rooted in the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees to Support Voluntary Repatriation, Sustainable Reintegration and Assistance to Host Countries (SSAR) which were established by the Governments of Islamic Republics of Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan in 2012 with support from UNHCR. The SSAR offers a comprehensive and integrated regional framework for joint interventions and crosses border initiatives, aimed at facilitating the voluntary and gradual return of Afghan refugees and their sustainable reintegration while providing assistance to their host communities and countries. SSAR has been an innovative regional approach that is very much in line with the CRRF. Also, the application of comprehensive responses is rooted in the Afghanistan National Peace and Development Framework on the development front (ANPDF) and Humanitarian Response Plan on the humanitarian front (HRP).
The objectives of the Government of Afghanistan (GoA) are:
In terms of CRRF application, the GoA would like to achieve i) Preparing conditions conducive for voluntary return in safety and dignity of Afghan refugees and ii) Easing the pressure on the Afghan communities currently hosting refugees, returnees and IDPs and increasing their self-reliance in Khost (East) and Paktika (South-East). To achieve these, the focus on strengthening operational and advocacy partnerships and synergies is imperative in a global environment where mobilization of resources and political support for Afghan refugees are increasingly challenged by competing for humanitarian crises worldwide.
GoA has already made great progress in developing return and reintegration national policy framework and action plans, ensuring the inclusion of IDPs and returnees into national policies. The plans and policies cover the specific needs and interventions in Afghanistan on issues affecting them on their return and sustainable reintegration, including who continue to remain displaced within the country. This policy will take into account the National Policy on IDPs, endorsed in 2013, which provides a sound framework for achieving durable solutions for IDP populations in Afghanistan. This policy applies on both to the Government and to all actors within and outside the country in order to ensure returnees and IDPs to receive decent and humane treatment in line with their constitutional rights as citizens of Afghanistan that will enable them to become productive and well-integrated members of their community.
In support for the government, since December 2018, USD 200 million is provided over five years; USD 150 million from World Bank Group and USD 50 million from Afghanistan Trust Fund, to strengthen the enabling environment for economic opportunities in cities where there is a high influx of returnees and displaced people. The project will be conducted to expand access to water, sanitation and electricity, civil documents, employment opportunities, and improved outcomes in education and health. Also, the World Bank is currently working on 14 high return areas and is already a critical development partner in UNHCR’s community-based protection programmes.
CRRF Contact Person in the UNHCR Operation in Afghanistan
Malang Ibrahimi, firstname.lastname@example.org
This report was prepared by the Evaluation Service, UNHCR.
This document highlights UNHCR’s support toward the implementation of the Solution Strategy for Afghan Refugees. In line with the overall framework of the Strategy, the present document outlines comprehensive measures aimed at building the resilience of refugees and their host communities, supporting their social cohesion and peaceful co-existence, and promoting durable solutions to the protracted Afghan displacement situation. This document was distributed during the ExCom in 2018.
The proposed Project Development Objective is to strengthen the enabling environment for economic opportunities in cities where there is a high influx of displaced people. This will be pursued by increasing the returnees' access to civil documents, providing short-term employment opportunities, improving market enabling infrastructure and supporting investor friendly regulatory reforms.
This policy is prepared to cover the specific needs and interventions in Afghanistan on issues of refugees and IDPs, including who continue to remain displaced within the country. This policy will take into account the National Policy on Internally Displaced Persons, endorsed in 2013, which provides a sound framework for achieving durable solutions for IDP populations in Afghanistan, and the Comprehensive Voluntary Repatriation and Re-Integration Strategy (CVRRS, 2015), approved by the Government. This policy applies on both the Government and to all actors within and outside the country dealing the government also abides by its international obligations with Afghan returnees and IDPs.