CRRF - UNHCR

Security Partnership Project (SPP)

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Country or region: Africa, Kenya
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Governments, Persons of concern
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

The Security Partnership Project (SPP) with the Government of Kenya was established in 2011 to enhance the operational environment in refugee hosting areas following a series of security-related events, risks and threats.  Joint investments in deploying law enforcement personnel, assets, community policing techniques, and protection training have contributed to improvements in the area of security, the protection of persons of concern and their hosts, and the safety of humanitarian personnel. Through this Government-UNHCR project, UNHCR has facilitated the deployment of over 560 police officers in the above mentioned areas. It has provided them with office space, housing, transport and communications assets, and other non-lethal equipment, including community policing and protection training. Police posts and stations have been constructed along the common Kenya-Somali border and in refugee-hosting areas. In addition to capital investments, UNHCR funds police operations from incentives to fuel repairs and maintenance.

Impact:

  1. Improvement of the general security situation in areas of operation, sustained access to asylum and continuity of humanitarian operations.
  2. Reinforcement of the security infrastructure (numerous police stations including police barracks constructed) in North Eastern Kenya which would continue to benefit host communities after the departure of refugees.
  3. Improvement of working relationships among the Government of Kenya, people of Kenya and the UN (international community).

National Safe Spaces Network

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Country or region: Guatemala, Americas
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 1
Actors: Persons of concern
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

The National Safe Spaces Network in Guatemala is comprised of 8 physical safe spaces and 12 protection points with mobile services, including spaces exclusive to LGBTI and UAC. The Network provides information on the right to seek asylum, humanitarian assistance, as well as national and cross-border referrals to protection mechanisms. Main beneficiaries are persons in transit with international protection needs, asylum-seekers, returnees and persons at heightened risk. It ensures that persons of concern are given a safe space to rest and be given advice on their best legal option, as well as assistance and referrals where needed. The roll out of innovative data collection tools (Kobo Toolbox) within the National Protection Network improved the collection and analysis of profiles and trends in the transit through Guatemala. Kobo Toolbox is a data collection system that can be easily operated through smartphones, including in areas with poor or none internet connectivity. The collection of data can be done offline and, once connectivity is available, data is stored in a cloud and compiled at central level. Reception in a context of Mixed Migration flows: non-detention policy combined with issuance of a 3 day pass permit to persons in transit, some of which have international protection needs but prefer to seek asylum elsewhere. The first LGBTI safe space of all NCA was established in Guatemala and provides information on the right to seek asylum, humanitarian assistance and referrals to protection mechanisms. It is a fully age, gender, diversity (AGD) sensitive space.

Living the Integration

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Country or region: Costa Rica, Americas
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Non-governmental organizations, Private sector, Governments
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

“Living Integration” is a Corporate Social Responsibility Programme that aims to engage public and private sectors to develop job placement and job readiness for refugees and asylum seekers. The Institutions actively involved in this programme are the Chambers of Commerce, Chamber of Industry, Diverse Chamber of Commerce, Migration Authority, UNHCR and partner agency Women Foundation. This program provides opportunities for people of concern to connect with the labour market in Costa Rica. Living Integration also includes a Quality Seal to certify those organizations that work in favour of refugees and asylum seekers in Costa Rica. Living Integration Quality Seal is based on ISO 2600 and is designed to trace Human Rights compliance in five different categories, public sector, private sector, Academia, civil society organizations and municipalities. The Quality Seal will be awarded every year as part of World Refugee Day activities.

MoU between UNHCR, GoCR and IOM

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Country or region: Costa Rica, Americas
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 4
Actors: Governments
CRRF Objectives: Objective 3

In recent years, the North of Central America (NCA) has suffered a drastic increase in the levels of violence by organized crime groups. Following the guiding principles of the Brazil Declaration and Action Plan and as an initiative to support regional efforts to create alternatives in response to the increased protection needs in the NCA, the Government of Costa Rica, UNHCR and IOM signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on July 2016 to serve as a transit country for persons fleeing violence in the NCA region, already identified for resettlement to a third country. As per the MoU up to 200 persons are allowed to be present in Costa Rica at any given moment and their stay will be for a maximum of 6 months.
This programme provides an opportunity for the beneficiaries to receive proper medical attention, psychosocial support and English lessons, in a very peaceful environment, through one of UNHCR´s partner agencies, while in transit in Costa Rica.

Protection Transfer Mechanism and programmes – PTA

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Country or region: Costa Rica, Americas
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Private sector, Governments, United Nations agencies, Non-governmental organizations, Development actors, Academia
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2, Objective 3

Following the guiding principles of the Brazil Declaration and Plan of Action, and as an initiative to support regional efforts to create alternatives in response to the increased protection needs in the North of Central America (NCA), the Government of Costa Rica, UNHCR and the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) signed a MoU in July 2016, to establish a Protection Transfer Mechanism, by which Costa Rica serves as a transit country for persons fleeing violence in the NCA region who had been already identified for resettlement to a third country.

Costa Rican participation in the PTA is not only a demonstration of strong regional solidarity, but also brings additional economic benefits to the host community where the PTA is implemented. Additionally, the PTA is in line with both the Brazil Plan of Action and the 2030 Agenda and its relevant SDGs. Their Local Integration Programme has been the key prioritised solution for refugees in Costa Rica ensuring their integration from early stages upon arrival in the country in a sustained manner.

Since 2014, two main UNHCR initiatives have been developed in coordination with the Government of Costa Rica, civil society, public and private sectors to promote access to labour market for refugees and to access livelihood projects for those refugees living in poverty. The first one is the “Living Integration” programme, a corporate social responsibility scheme that was created in partnership among the Migration Authority, the Chambers of Commerce, the Business Development Association, and UNHCR and partners. This strategic public-private sector alliance has benefitted almost 2,000 refugees and asylum claimants in livelihood, vocational training skills, coaching and job matching and placement schemes conducted with the private sector. The second initiative known as the Graduation Model has assisted hundreds of refugees and asylum seekers in becoming self-reliance through tailored livelihood programmes. On 20 June 2017, the “Living Integration” quality seal scheme has been launched to award public and private sectors, academia, and NGOs, that engaging in social corporative responsibility programmes than engage refugees and asylum seekers in their daily operations.

Multi stakeholder approach in Kalobeyei

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Country or region: Kenya, Africa
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 4
Actors: Governments, Local goverments, Host communities, Development actors, Persons of concern
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

A quarter million refugees and Kenyans in Kakuma and Kalobeyei live within a radius of 15 km. Two thirds of the population in Turkana West are refugees which brings a substantial pressure on the existing infrastructure and delivery of services.

UNHCR is playing a catalytic role to support host governments and communities. In an effort to ease pressure on host communities and existing national services, UNHCR has been working together with national and country governments, host and refugee communities, and other humanitarian agencies to strengthen the capacity of existing services, and to align the future humanitarian and development response to Turkana County’s Integrated Development Plan (CIDP). The result is the 15-year Kalobeyei Integrated Socio-Economic Development Program (KISEDP). KISEDP is a multi-stakeholder partnership  with different stakeholders notably, the national government, Turkana County government, UN agencies, development actors and donors. A phased approach to the development of the site has been taken with some 37,000 refugees on site. Sector-based Taskforces, co-led by the government, have been established to link, coordinate and align projects to county area development plans to maximize inclusivity and their overall impact on host and refugee communities. In the Kalobeyei initiative, UNHCR is  supporting the expansion of national capacity and resilience of host communities. The Kalobeyei Integrated Socio-Economic Development Program is an innovative operational strategy to achieve two CRRF objectives: easing pressure on host communities and enabling host and refugee community resilience.

The Government of Kenya, development partners such as the World Bank Group and the European Commission’s Cooperation and Development arm, are collaborating very closely with UNHCR to foster operational solutions that enable integrated social services and inclusive economic opportunities in impoverished rural communities. To complement above initiatives, UNHCR is investing in community empowerment by strengthening two-way communication and supporting community-owned and managed projects.

Hagadera and Dagahaley markets

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Country or region: Kenya, Africa
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2, Objective 4

UNHCR facilitated the creation of the Hagadera and Dagahaley markets, next to the refugee camps with same names, for both refugees and host community members. These markets are today among the biggest markets in the region and the business flow between Somalia and Kenya essentially goes through these markets. The World Food Programme’s “Bamba Chakula” programme is implemented in these markets, with 55% of traders who are refugees. The Hagadera market in particular is by far the largest in the three Sub-countries of Dadaab, Fafi and Wajir South, and has been a pillar in the trade and economic growth of North Eastern Kenya. With the perspective of enhanced cross-border movements between Kenya and Somalia in line with the outcomes of the IGAD summit on Somali refugees organized in Nairobi in March 2017, it is expected that these markets will continue to play a key role in the future of the local, national and regional economies.

The markets had the effect of creating business opportunities for both host and refugee communities as well as increased revenue for the Government through the levy of taxes. As a result, livelihood opportunities for refugee and host communities improved.  In addition to the economic benefits, the markets have brought the two communities closer socially, leading to peaceful coexistence.

Access to benefits of the Social Development and Family Allowance Trust Fund

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Country or region: Costa Rica, Americas
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 2
Actors: Governments, United Nations agencies
CRRF Objectives: Objective 2

By Executive Decree No.39916-MTSS, an amendment of the applicable national legislation to ensure refugees have access to benefits of the Social Development and Family Allowance Trust Fund was ordered. A recent Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) that was signed between the Ministry of Presidency and UNHCR, and supported by the National Presidential Social Council, ensures equal access for refugees and asylum seekers to the national social and development programmes.
Since the signing of the MoU on 20 June 2017, the National Welfare Institute has assisted over 200 cases with cash based interventions based on their socio-economic situation. This innovative fast track humanitarian scheme provided by the Government of Costa Rica includes food and non-food items, housing and education support, among others. Such assistance is part of Costa Rica´s poverty reduction programmes.

Protection Network in Honduras

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Country or region: Americas, Honduras
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 2
Actors: Persons of concern, Governments, United Nations agencies
CRRF Objectives:

A Protection and Assistance Network was established in Honduras, which supports internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees and deportees with protection needs and persons at high risk with humanitarian assistance and psycho-social support presenting protection alternatives that include internal relocation, humanitarian evacuation, PTA and guidance on international protection.

Based upon a review of actors working in high risk communities, the capacity of eight partners in protection was strengthened to provide assistance and support. UNHCR is now in a position to refer IDPs and persons at risk to the most relevant active partner to ensure that follow up is given both in assistance and whit specific protection alternatives. More than 2.500 persons have been identified and supported in 2017, community strengthening its also taking place through the improvement of 8 community centers, 5 shelters and the conditioning of 4 health centers.


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  • German Humanitarian Assistance