Sida has worked actively during the last years to strengthen synergies between humanitarian and development support, including peace-building, in order to enhance resilience of crises-affected and vulnerable people, communities and societies. Humanitarian support and development cooperation need to be coherent and mutually reinforcing, while respecting and safeguarding humanitarian principles. In 171 contexts, Sida has simultaneously large ongoing development cooperation and humanitarian support with different mandates and roles presenting substantive opportunities for synergies and complementarity. In these contexts, Sida works to meet people’s immediate humanitarian needs, but over time also to reduce risk, vulnerability, and dependence on humanitarian assistance.
Sida has identified a 3 pillar-approach to systematize the work on risk, resilience and strengthened synergies between humanitarian and development assistance (Nexus HUM/DEV):
1) conduct common analysis, planning and programming based on context specific risks and vulnerabilities;
2) increase flexible, innovative and complementary development funding for the most vulnerable people; and
3) promote increased dialogue and coordination on risk, resilience and synergies between humanitarian and development.
Pillar 1: Common analysis, planning and programming based on risk, vulnerability and resilience
Common analysis, based on risk and vulnerability, is an important point of departure for strengthening synergies between humanitarian and development efforts. For example, Sida has included issues around humanitarian – development nexus in the yearly humanitarian crises analysis. Sida has also strengthened risk-informed development planning and programming through piloting together with OECD/DAC the method of resilience systems analysis (RSA) in six contexts at various points of the programme cycle (Syria, incl. Jordan and Lebanon, Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, Kenya and Ethiopia.). In addition to supporting risk informed context analysis, experiences with the RSA3 has among others raised issues regarding humanitarian and development synergies and the need to include the most vulnerable groups in development assistance.
Pillar 2: Flexible, innovative and effective development funding for the most vulnerable people
According to the specific opportunities in each context, Sida works to strengthen resilience, focus on the underlying causes of crises and vulnerability and adapt to changing circumstances in a flexible and innovative way. Opportunities are explored to build on and complement humanitarian efforts in a transformative approach.
For example, in DRC and Uganda, Sida supports UNICEF with development funding to strengthen health systems in crises affected areas aimed at providing vulnerable populations with affordable access to functioning primary and secondary health care – key for reducing the populations exposure to epidemics and illness. The support includes management of malnutrition, a major hindrance to education and socioeconomic development. Furthermore, in crises affected areas in Mali and DRC, Sida supports community-based efforts with Action Contre la Faim (ACF) to address underlying causes of malnutrition crises such as access to safe drinking water, gender inequities, insufficient livelihoods.
Pillar 3: Promote increased dialogue and coordination on risk, resilience and synergies between humanitarian and development.
To be a driving force for strengthened dialogue and coordination is important, for example in donor groups, sector working groups and humanitarian clusters. Common planning and prioritization between humanitarian and development assistance could be promoted. Sida sees both the New Way of Working as well as the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework as great opportunities. Links between coordination structures are key, for example the inclusion of the most vulnerable people and communities in UN Development Strategies (UNDAFs) and national strategies. Multiyear humanitarian strategies that connects with UNDAF such as the one in Sudan.
Sweden is a strong supporter of the implementation of the Sendai framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, aiming at reducing peoples’ vulnerability to disasters and natural hazards through for example UNISDR. Sida’s global support to disaster risk reduction has during the past two years been successfully scaled up with development funding under Sida’s work with environment and climate on a global as well as on a regional and bilateral level.
More information can be found in the attached file.