CRRF - UNHCR

Comprehensive needs assessment survey for refugees and host communities (Japan International Cooperation Agency)

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Governments, Local goverments, Development actors
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1

In Uganda, refugees can receive the same social services as the nationals. And it is clearly mentioned in National Development Plan to include refugee into a government plan. However, there are big information gaps in the planning process of government. For instance, information on water facility is scattered out among development and humanitarian actors even though local government needs to have all related information as the organization responsible.
And after the large influx of South Sudanese refugees in the West-Nile sub-region, many refugees are now accessing the social infrastructures in the host communities, overstretching the existing infrastructure. Therefore a holistic assessment which covers host communities and resettlements is necessary to fill information gaps and to achieve “Integrated Planning” for both the nationals and refugees.
JICA and Uganda government launched an urgent survey to identify the gap between existing capacity and needs in the refugee-hosting area in 2017.
This survey integrated needs, data and statistics of infrastructure for social service both in refugee settlement and outside, considering impact caused by refugee influx as well as local development. GIS integrated map to cover aforementioned contents was produced for the first time in Uganda and shared with all related stakeholders in development and humanitarians, namely ministries, local government, donors, UN organizations, and civil societies like community leaders and NGOs. The list of priority needs based on sectorial analysis can be utilized by stakeholders and donors to understand the gaps/needs and formulate new projects. Besides, the GIS map can be utilized as a platform for further communication among stakeholders.
The process of the survey itself provides opportunities to exchange opinions among government stakeholders both humanitarian and development, promotes collaboration among donor partners, and outcome projects will contribute to easing the burden on host communities and settlements in the Refugee Hosting Area.
Through utilization of the survey result, collaboration among stakeholders was prompted and once social infrastructure to be realized, both refugees and host communities will be benefitted.

For more information, contact ug_oso_rep@jica.go.jp or visit http://libopac.jica.go.jp/images/report/P1000037008.html

Engagement of the American Chamber of Commerce as innovative private sector partner in Kazakhstan

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Country or region: Kazakhstan
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 5
Actors: United Nations agencies, Private sector, Governments
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

The American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) is one of the most active international business community networks in Kazakhstan and beyond. It represents over two hundred member companies, not-for profit organizations, international financial institutions, and individual members. UNHCR has been a member of the AmCham in Kazakhstan since 2010. In 2011 and 2017, UNHCR won the prestigious AmCham award in the community service category; in 2018, AmCham invited UNHCR to be one of the members of the award selection committee. Throughout the years of membership and cooperation, UNHCR has received financial donations from the AmCham.

UNHCR’s presentation during the AmCham’s Business Roundtable Luncheon in January 2018 landed an unprecedented partnership with the Netherlands investment company “Negal B.V.” for employment and internship opportunities for refugees in Kazakhstan. On 23 August 2018, UNHCR and “Negal B.V.” signed a Letter of Understanding (LoU). It has become the first official partnership with private sector in the area of refugee employment in Kazakhstan. Already, one female Afghan refugee has been officially employed as a staff.

On 12 July 2018, AmCham invited UNHCR to participate in the Prime Minister’s Council to Improve the Investment Climate (CIIC) meeting exclusively dedicated to social development topic. Thanks to this unique opportunity, UNHCR at the highest level presented its activities, addressed the Prime Minister and line Ministers and gave three key recommendations to the Government of Kazakhstan: 1) strengthen asylum system and quality of Refugee Status Determination; 2) amend application procedures for permanent residency; and 3) review legal mechanism in order to ensure that all children including those who are born to undocumented persons are registered at birth and are issued birth certificates.

In this cooperation with the AmCham, UNHCR Kazakhstan plays its unique role “to improve the investment climate”, by exchanging information, ideas and experiences with a wide variety of AmCham members, and by making sure that self-reliance and social integration of most vulnerable people in the local community, including refugees and stateless people, are integral part of  investment and development strategies.

For more information, contact kazal@unhcr.org and view the attached document.

Strengthening the health system for refugees and host communities in Uganda – Swedish Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Development actors, United Nations agencies, Host communities, Persons of concern, Governments
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1

Sida has provided a 35 million SEK (3.8 million USD) health contribution to UNICEF focusing on refugees and host communities in Uganda’s West Nile region. Sida’s support, ongoing since 2016, aims specifically at reducing maternal, new-born, and child morbidity and mortality, and to improve child growth and development through strengthening the health sector in West Nile, where the large influx of refugees has put a high pressure on health services and entire communities.

Livelihoods support for refugees and host communities in refugee receiving areas in Uganda – Swedish Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Development actors, Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies, Governments
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

Sida has provided a 79 million SEK (8,9 million USD) contribution to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations 2018-2023. The funding will advance the economic empowerment of women as a means of addressing gender inequality and discrimination through promotion of access and ownership of key productive assets, access to finance, empowerment of women in decision making, increased capacity of women to improve productivity. Its geographical targets areas include refugee receiving areas in the West Nile (Arua, Nebbi and Adjumani), and the programme includes both refugees and host communities.

Financial inclusion of refugees and host communities in Uganda and Jordan – Swedish International Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Jordan, Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Private sector, Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies, Development actors
CRRF Objectives: Objective 2

Together with Grameen Credit Agricole Foundation (GCAF) and UNHCR, the Swedish International Development Cooperation (SIDA) is setting up a partial credit guarantee intervention for a financial inclusion programme, which aims at improving access to credit for refugees and host communities in Uganda and Jordan for income generating activities and possibly consumption smoothing. The programme will follow a market-based approach which involves partnering with Grameen, which will be providing debt lending to three to four selected Financial Service Providers (FSPs). The FSPs will in their turn extend their credit products to refugees and host communities. As an initial step in the establishment of financial inclusion programme, Grameen and UNHCR, have launched a market assessment study – to be implemented during 2018 – with the objective of understanding the needs and market potential of credit for refugees and their host communities.

Child sensitive social protection programme in Uganda – Swedish International Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Development actors, United Nations agencies, Host communities, Persons of concern
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1

The Swedish International Development Cooperation (SIDA) is planning to support the World Food Programme’s (WFP) and UNICEF’s child sensitive social protection programme, in among other areas, West Nile. The program aims at building resilience of and empower families and communities, including refugee- and host communities, to provide adequate care for children’s well-being through regular and predictable cash-transfers to expectant women to support themselves and their children. The child-sensitive social protection mechanism being set-up aims at complementing ongoing multi-sectoral humanitarian interventions.

Resilience programming for refugees and host communities in Ethiopia – Swedish International Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Ethiopia
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Non-governmental organizations, Governments, Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies, Development actors
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

The Swedish International Development Cooperation (SIDA) is funding the World Food Programme with 79,5 MSEK for a resilience programming (livelihoods) in the  Somali region of Ethiopia. Roughly half of the beneficiaries are refugee-host communities. The program was officially launched by Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA), as the first CRRF programme in Ethiopia, following the CRRF roadmap developed by the government of Ethiopia. WFP coordinates closely with UNHCR and the livelihood programming, implemented by Farm Africa and Mercy Corps, is located close to the Dolo Ado refugee camp. It focuses on logistics capacity strengthening, early warning, surveillance and feedback mechanisms, climate risk solutions, including index insurances and livelihoods promotion.

Education Can’t Wait – inclusion of refugees in Ethiopia – Swedish International Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Ethiopia
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Development actors, Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies, International organizations
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

SIDA is funding Education Can’t Wait Fund with SEK 270 000 000 for 2018-2020. The aim of the fund is to prioritise safe, free and quality education by 2030 in crisis affected countries, while encouraging in-country governmental and non-governmental education actors to join forces to develop and implement contextualised, holistic and sustainable education programmes. The fund will include refugee children, along non-refugee children as beneficiaries.

World Bank Multi Donor Trust Fund inclusion of IDPs and returnees in Afghanistan (Swedish International Development Cooperation)

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Country or region: Afghanistan, Pakistan
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 4
Actors: Governments, World Bank, Development actors, Persons of concern
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 4

In Afghanistan, Sida funds the World Bank multi-donor trust fund (ARTF), Afghanistan Reconstruction Trust Fund. The last few years, the World Bank together with the Afghan Government has adapted some of the projects financed via the ARTF to meet the situation of million returnees from Pakistan and Iran, and the growing number of conflict displaced IDPs. The work is done with a whole of community approach to reduce tensions and risks of conflicts between host communities and returnees/IDPs. For instance, the scope of a community-based development program was expanded, a cash-for-work program was set up to ensure livelihood opportunities for poor returnees/IDPs as well as host communities, and a new program to strengthen economic opportunities in urban areas with many returnees/IDPs is under development. Moreover, a budget priority of the ARTF concerns a cabinet decision that enables returnee/IDP ownership of informally occupied government-owned land.

Inclusion of Afghan returnees and IDPs in education and health services (Swedish International Development Cooperation)

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Country or region: Afghanistan
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 4
Actors: Development actors, Governments, Persons of concern
CRRF Objectives: Objective 4

In response to the continuous humanitarian challenge, Sida’s partner Swedish Committee for Afghanistan (SCA) expanded its already existing activities in eastern Afghanistan. Additional Community Based Education classes have been established, with a focus on integrating returnee children into the Afghan educational system. Healthcare services have been expanded and its catchment area extended by implementation of mobile health teams/clinics. WASH activities have been amped up to provide safe drinking water and sanitary facilities for the growing population while at the same time reducing the risk for spread of diseases. To couple this expansion of already existing activities, SCA introduced psycho-social support and re-focused right awareness campaigns targeting returnees and IDPs.

 


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