CRRF - UNHCR

Support host-community and refugees through enhancing the capacity of local government (Japan International Cooperation Agency)

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Governments, Host communities, Local goverments, Persons of concern, Development actors
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

In Uganda, social services are provided through the decentralized government system. The government of Uganda adopts inclusive refugee response strategy, whereby the capacity of local government (LG) has direct impacts on refugees as well as on nationals. Project for Capacity Development of Local Government for Strengthening Community Resilience in Acholi and West Nile Sub-Regions in the Republic of Uganda (WA-CAP) aims at strengthening the capacity of local governments in the areas of development planning and implementation of community-based development programmes, thereby contributing to strengthening the resilience of the communities in the region.

Taking advantage of its unique positioning both in terms of its programme focus and geographical areas of activity, the Project is exploring the possibility of supporting district capacity to plan and implement integrated service delivery and development interventions in refugee-hosting districts in West-Nile. For example, simple tools to conduct planning activities were introduced to the District and Sub-Counties where they can easily identify the needs on the ground based on evidence, and prioritize them in a transparent manner so the allocated budget can be utilized in the most needed areas. Moreover, the local governments are expected to give feedback of the results, thus enhancing the relationship and trust between the community and the local government. For the aspect of enhancing capacity on implementation of the local government, community development projects have been implemented in refugee-hosting districts so that communities affected by refugee influx are empowered to be resilient.

The Project partners with central Ministry of Local Government, Office of the Prime Minister and the National Planning Authority, but also work directly with LGs on a day-to-day basis. The project has therefore developed a very strong interface with LG officials and has fully been informed of the challenges/opportunities faced by LGs in terms of providing integrated services and more recently of introducing integrated planning with refugee impact duly factored in. The Project has also contributed to strengthening the relationship and information sharing between the central government and LGs so that the policy at the central level is better informed of the actual situation on the ground. This experience culminated to emphasize the important the role of local government at Uganda Solidarity Summit held in June 2017.

For more information, contact ug_oso_rep@jica.go.jp or visit JICA website. 

 

Livelihood improvement for refugees and host-communities (Japan International Cooperation Agency)

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3, Pillar 4
Actors: Host communities, Governments, United Nations agencies, Persons of concern, Development actors
CRRF Objectives: Objective 2

In Uganda, under the generous policy of the government, refugees have access to land and livelihood activities. Refugee-hosting area in Uganda has a preferable condition for agriculture (rich rainfall and fertile land). Refugees are under good external conditions.
Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Industries and Fisheries (MAAIF), and National Agriculture Research Organization (NARO) have implemented technical cooperation projects with JICA to aim at improving farmers’ income through increasing rice production since 2011. Originally, the primary target of technical transfer is Ugandan farmers, but refugees also are included in a target in the resettlement area to achieve inclusive strategy since 2014. UNHCR and WFP also provide support for training in resettlement as well as JICA.
Training provides through cascade system thus refugees and farmers who participated ToT training are expected to share the knowledge with others in their community. After training, participants back with basic knowledge and seeds for multiplication and subsequently field expansion with other community members.
Through this technical and material support, the livelihood situation of refugees and farmers in host communities has been upgraded. Successful refugees and farmers have increased their income dramatically through rice production business which attracts more refugees and farmers to engage in. By providing opportunities of rice production training to refugees and host community farmers, seamless support on livelihood is secured and resilience and self-reliance among them can be enhanced in the longer term.
This kind of intervention is scalable and replicable as long as government policy allows refugees to access the land. In this sense, the refugees can also go back with the new skills acquired on how to grow rice in their country. This can also improve economic and food security when they eventually return to their countries hence support conditions in countries of origin.

For more information, contact ug_oso_rep@jica.go.jp or visit JICA website and PRiDe project Uganda

 

 

Comprehensive needs assessment survey for refugees and host communities (Japan International Cooperation Agency)

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Governments, Local goverments, Development actors
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1

In Uganda, refugees can receive the same social services as the nationals. And it is clearly mentioned in National Development Plan to include refugee into a government plan. However, there are big information gaps in the planning process of government. For instance, information on water facility is scattered out among development and humanitarian actors even though local government needs to have all related information as the organization responsible.
And after the large influx of South Sudanese refugees in the West-Nile sub-region, many refugees are now accessing the social infrastructures in the host communities, overstretching the existing infrastructure. Therefore a holistic assessment which covers host communities and resettlements is necessary to fill information gaps and to achieve “Integrated Planning” for both the nationals and refugees.
JICA and Uganda government launched an urgent survey to identify the gap between existing capacity and needs in the refugee-hosting area in 2017.
This survey integrated needs, data and statistics of infrastructure for social service both in refugee settlement and outside, considering impact caused by refugee influx as well as local development. GIS integrated map to cover aforementioned contents was produced for the first time in Uganda and shared with all related stakeholders in development and humanitarians, namely ministries, local government, donors, UN organizations, and civil societies like community leaders and NGOs. The list of priority needs based on sectorial analysis can be utilized by stakeholders and donors to understand the gaps/needs and formulate new projects. Besides, the GIS map can be utilized as a platform for further communication among stakeholders.
The process of the survey itself provides opportunities to exchange opinions among government stakeholders both humanitarian and development, promotes collaboration among donor partners, and outcome projects will contribute to easing the burden on host communities and settlements in the Refugee Hosting Area.
Through utilization of the survey result, collaboration among stakeholders was prompted and once social infrastructure to be realized, both refugees and host communities will be benefitted.

For more information, contact ug_oso_rep@jica.go.jp or visit http://libopac.jica.go.jp/images/report/P1000037008.html

Engagement of the American Chamber of Commerce as innovative private sector partner in Kazakhstan

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Country or region: Kazakhstan
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 5
Actors: United Nations agencies, Private sector, Governments
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

The American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham) is one of the most active international business community networks in Kazakhstan and beyond. It represents over two hundred member companies, not-for profit organizations, international financial institutions, and individual members. UNHCR has been a member of the AmCham in Kazakhstan since 2010. In 2011 and 2017, UNHCR won the prestigious AmCham award in the community service category; in 2018, AmCham invited UNHCR to be one of the members of the award selection committee. Throughout the years of membership and cooperation, UNHCR has received financial donations from the AmCham.

UNHCR’s presentation during the AmCham’s Business Roundtable Luncheon in January 2018 landed an unprecedented partnership with the Netherlands investment company “Negal B.V.” for employment and internship opportunities for refugees in Kazakhstan. On 23 August 2018, UNHCR and “Negal B.V.” signed a Letter of Understanding (LoU). It has become the first official partnership with private sector in the area of refugee employment in Kazakhstan. Already, one female Afghan refugee has been officially employed as a staff.

On 12 July 2018, AmCham invited UNHCR to participate in the Prime Minister’s Council to Improve the Investment Climate (CIIC) meeting exclusively dedicated to social development topic. Thanks to this unique opportunity, UNHCR at the highest level presented its activities, addressed the Prime Minister and line Ministers and gave three key recommendations to the Government of Kazakhstan: 1) strengthen asylum system and quality of Refugee Status Determination; 2) amend application procedures for permanent residency; and 3) review legal mechanism in order to ensure that all children including those who are born to undocumented persons are registered at birth and are issued birth certificates.

In this cooperation with the AmCham, UNHCR Kazakhstan plays its unique role “to improve the investment climate”, by exchanging information, ideas and experiences with a wide variety of AmCham members, and by making sure that self-reliance and social integration of most vulnerable people in the local community, including refugees and stateless people, are integral part of  investment and development strategies.

For more information, contact kazal@unhcr.org and view the attached document.

Strengthening the health system for refugees and host communities in Uganda – Swedish Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Development actors, United Nations agencies, Host communities, Persons of concern, Governments
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1

Sida has provided a 35 million SEK (3.8 million USD) health contribution to UNICEF focusing on refugees and host communities in Uganda’s West Nile region. Sida’s support, ongoing since 2016, aims specifically at reducing maternal, new-born, and child morbidity and mortality, and to improve child growth and development through strengthening the health sector in West Nile, where the large influx of refugees has put a high pressure on health services and entire communities.

Livelihoods support for refugees and host communities in refugee receiving areas in Uganda – Swedish Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Development actors, Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies, Governments
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

Sida has provided a 79 million SEK (8,9 million USD) contribution to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations 2018-2023. The funding will advance the economic empowerment of women as a means of addressing gender inequality and discrimination through promotion of access and ownership of key productive assets, access to finance, empowerment of women in decision making, increased capacity of women to improve productivity. Its geographical targets areas include refugee receiving areas in the West Nile (Arua, Nebbi and Adjumani), and the programme includes both refugees and host communities.

Financial inclusion of refugees and host communities in Uganda and Jordan – Swedish International Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Jordan, Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Private sector, Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies, Development actors
CRRF Objectives: Objective 2

Together with Grameen Credit Agricole Foundation (GCAF) and UNHCR, the Swedish International Development Cooperation (SIDA) is setting up a partial credit guarantee intervention for a financial inclusion programme, which aims at improving access to credit for refugees and host communities in Uganda and Jordan for income generating activities and possibly consumption smoothing. The programme will follow a market-based approach which involves partnering with Grameen, which will be providing debt lending to three to four selected Financial Service Providers (FSPs). The FSPs will in their turn extend their credit products to refugees and host communities. As an initial step in the establishment of financial inclusion programme, Grameen and UNHCR, have launched a market assessment study – to be implemented during 2018 – with the objective of understanding the needs and market potential of credit for refugees and their host communities.

Child sensitive social protection programme in Uganda – Swedish International Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Uganda
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Development actors, United Nations agencies, Host communities, Persons of concern
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1

The Swedish International Development Cooperation (SIDA) is planning to support the World Food Programme’s (WFP) and UNICEF’s child sensitive social protection programme, in among other areas, West Nile. The program aims at building resilience of and empower families and communities, including refugee- and host communities, to provide adequate care for children’s well-being through regular and predictable cash-transfers to expectant women to support themselves and their children. The child-sensitive social protection mechanism being set-up aims at complementing ongoing multi-sectoral humanitarian interventions.

Resilience programming for refugees and host communities in Ethiopia – Swedish International Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Ethiopia
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Non-governmental organizations, Governments, Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies, Development actors
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

The Swedish International Development Cooperation (SIDA) is funding the World Food Programme with 79,5 MSEK for a resilience programming (livelihoods) in the  Somali region of Ethiopia. Roughly half of the beneficiaries are refugee-host communities. The program was officially launched by Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs (ARRA), as the first CRRF programme in Ethiopia, following the CRRF roadmap developed by the government of Ethiopia. WFP coordinates closely with UNHCR and the livelihood programming, implemented by Farm Africa and Mercy Corps, is located close to the Dolo Ado refugee camp. It focuses on logistics capacity strengthening, early warning, surveillance and feedback mechanisms, climate risk solutions, including index insurances and livelihoods promotion.

Education Can’t Wait – inclusion of refugees in Ethiopia – Swedish International Development Cooperation

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Country or region: Ethiopia
CRRF Pillar: Pillar 3
Actors: Development actors, Host communities, Persons of concern, United Nations agencies, International organizations
CRRF Objectives: Objective 1, Objective 2

SIDA is funding Education Can’t Wait Fund with SEK 270 000 000 for 2018-2020. The aim of the fund is to prioritise safe, free and quality education by 2030 in crisis affected countries, while encouraging in-country governmental and non-governmental education actors to join forces to develop and implement contextualised, holistic and sustainable education programmes. The fund will include refugee children, along non-refugee children as beneficiaries.


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  • German Humanitarian Assistance