"Kakuma as a Marketplace" is a study by the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and UNHCR, published on 4 May, which concludes that many refugees are not just passive recipients of aid, but are involved in economic activity. The study looks at Kakuma from the perspective of setting up a private business. It finds that there are more than 2,000 businesses and smalls shops in Kakuma, and the area’s economy is worth 6 billion shillings (US$56 million). According to the study, half of household incomes is spent on consumers products, a market worth more than US $26 million per year.