On 3 March 2017, the Government of Honduras became the very first country to participate in the roll-out of comprehensive responses in the Americas with the aim of improving its response to the needs of refugees and asylum-seekers, Honduran returnees with protection needs, Hondurans abroad and internally displaced persons (IDPs). With a view to develop a national MIRPS chapter for Honduras, a technical team was formed with elements from the National Institute of Migration (INM), the Ministries of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, of Human Rights and the Office of the General Coordinator of the Government, in order to lead the national consultation process. The technical team, with UNHCR’s support, facilitated consultations with the concerned populations to identify needs; with State institutions to identify and prioritize the response to such needs by designing an action plan. Civil society, academia and international community actors were also brought in to determine priorities, gaps, and complementary actions. In October 2017, Honduras hosted the San Pedro Sula Conference which represented the official launch of the MIRPS, the Regional CRRF where 6 countries presented their national commitments.
Based on existing commitments made by the Government of Honduras in the 2014 Brazil Plan of Action, the country managed to put in place favourable actions such as strengthening its asylum system by creating an Internal Commission to review, analyse and decide about applications presented to the INM; and establishing guidelines for the identification, reception and referral of returned nationals in need of protection for one of the three Centres for the Attention of Returned Migrants (CAMR). Within the framework of the 2016 San Jose Action Statement, Honduras has made significant progress in delivering on its six committed actions such as the second commitment to adopt a legal framework on internal displacement whereby a bill for a “Law for the Prevention, Care and Protection of Internally Displaced Persons” was formulated which awaits formal implementation.
The Government of Honduras (GoH) has made a number of generous commitments that respond to the needs and gaps identified during the national consultations. Such commitments are organized around the four profiles (refugees and asylum seekers, returnees with protection needs, Hondurans abroad and IDPs) and are being implemented under the leadership of the ministries for Human Rights, Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation.
Responding to needs of refugees and asylum seekers, the Government of Honduras committed to:
The Government of Honduras committed to:
With a view to support Hondurans which sought asylum abroad, the Government of Honduras pledged to:
In responding to the needs of IDPs, the Government of Honduras agreed to:
A multi-functional task force, which includes the Human Rights Secretary, the National Migration Institute, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the General Coordinator’s Office is currently identifying existing resources for the fulfilment of all MIRPS commitments. UNPD is developing a methodology with the Government to identify funding sources for the SDGs and the National Development Plan. In the long run, UNHCR and UNDP aim to proceed with the quantification exercise with technical support from the IADB.
Actors involved in the MIRPS are facing difficulties in reinforcing differentiated protection measures to prevent displacement or the different causes as well as in combining the implementation current national responses through one single mechanism. Active participation of displaced persons in the national protection framework consolidation process and programmes is likewise challenging due to heightened risks and protection concerns.
Andres Celis, firstname.lastname@example.org
Diana Diaz Rodiguez, email@example.com
Hugues Van Brabandt, firstname.lastname@example.org
Elisabet Diaz Sanmartin, DIAZSANM@unhcr.org
This report was prepared by the Evaluation Service, UNHCR.
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