Pursuant to its commitments to international law and the protection of refugees and asylum-seekers, the Government of Guatemala joined the MIRPS in April 2017. In this respect, an Executive Committee was created comprised of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, UNHCR, UNDP, the Organization of American States (OAS) and the UN Resident Coordinator in Guatemala. The Committee has approved the design of a methodology and matrix as a basis for the development of a national operational plan to provide a comprehensive response to refugees and asylum-seekers. Going forward, the Committee’s responsibilities will also include reviewing progress made in implementing the MIRPS in Guatemala. In May 2017, the Government of Guatemala carried-out eight national consultations with national institutions, the MIRPS Executive Committee, UN agencies and civil society organizations. It was agreed to focus on four populations of concern as per the Guatemalan context: a) asylum-seekers and refugees; b) persons in transit with international protection needs; c) deportees with specific protection needs; and d) persons at heightened risk. Out of the four CRRF Pillars, Guatemala focuses on three: Reception and Admission; Immediate and Persistent Needs, and Expand Opportunities for Durable Solutions.
Several activities have been taken forward by the Government of Guatemala to deliver on existing commitments, inter alia, the issuance of Refugee Documents, ensuring the right to identity; support for the protection and the generation of livelihoods for refugees and asylum-seekers; the Guate te incluye programme to generate a national approach to the social and labour inclusion of returned migrants of Guatemala; and the implementation of the PTA for persons at high risk through a Letter of Understanding between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and UNHCR.
Prioritized actions that have been identified for Guatemala’s National Action Plan include:
Pillar 1 – Reception and admission:
Pillar 2 – Support for immediate and ongoing needs:
Pillar 4 – Durable solutions:
A MIRPS Executive Committee has been formed composed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the OAS, and the Resident Coordinator of the United Nations System in Guatemala, UNHCR, and UNDP. The role of the Executive Committee is to develop a methodology and format of the MIRPS matrix, which would allow to operationalize and quantify the existing needs, actions and financial resources required for the implementation of MIRPS.
Key stakeholders that are involved in applying comprehensive responses to displacement in Guatemala include the National Commission for Refugees, the National Migration Authority, the Commission for the Comprehensive Care of Migrant Children and Adolescents, non-governmental organizations, civil society such as the Human Mobility Pastoral, United Nations Agencies, International organizations, and the private sector.
For the 2018-2020 MIRPS implementation period, prioritized needs, actions and final resources have been determined for the three Pillars. This process has been consolidated through three working groups lead by national institutions and supported by civil society and UNHCR:
Over the past months, a matrix of MIRPS priorities accompanied by financial commitments was developed by the three working groups and discussed with the Executive Committee. The matrix is a “living” document to be reviewed and modified according to existing or forthcoming needs of each institution. A MIRPS consultant assisted in the quantification of available financial resources within existing programmes of national institutions involved in the three working groups. This quantification exercise aimed to help identify resource gaps for MIRPS activities, which would assist in prioritizing external funding.
The budgetary planning process for the implementation of Guatemala’s national chapter will soon undergo final validation and endorsement. The dissemination of Guatemala’s national MIRPS commitments with the objective of raising awareness about asylum matters is due, as well as to set up a monitoring mechanism to accompany the implementation process.
Shant Dermegerditchian, firstname.lastname@example.org
Diana Diaz Rodiguez, email@example.com
Hugues Van Brabandt, firstname.lastname@example.org
Elisabet Diaz Sanmartin, DIAZSANM@unhcr.org
Guatemala is a country of origin, transit, return and asylum for refugees and migrants. Given the multi-causality of displacement in the NCA, and the increasing number of persons transiting through Guatemala to seek protection, ensuring a safe and dignified transit is a key priority for the operation. This fact sheet provides an overview of UNHCR's main activities in Guatemala.
This report was prepared by the Evaluation Service, UNHCR.
This document contains the results of a case study conducted by UNHCR with the support of the European Union, on the MIRPS as an integrated regional response to forced displacement.
This poster provides an overview of the regional commitments, developments and next steps in applying the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (CRPSF, "MIRPS" in Spanish) in Central America and Mexico.
Acorde con la larga tradición de cooperación regional para responder a los desafíos de protección, seis Estados de la región - Belice, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, México y Panamá- adoptaron la Declaración de San Pedro Sula el 26 de octubre de 2017, y acordaron trabajar de forma conjunta en el continuo desarrollo e implementación del Marco Integral Regional para la Protección y Soluciones (MIRPS). El MIRPS es una iniciativa pionera en la aplicación del Marco de Respuesta Integral para los Refugiados (CRRF, por sus siglas en inglés) y una contribución concreta de la región en el desarrollo del Pacto Mundial sobre los Refugiados.