Building on existing regional cooperation and responsibility-sharing, including the Brazil Plan of Action and the San Jose Action Statement, 6 States – Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Panama – adopted the San Pedro Sula Declaration on October 26, 2017, agreeing to work together in the ongoing development and implementation of a Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (MIRPS in its Spanish acronym).
The MIRPS is a pioneering initiative in the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (Annex 1 of the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants) and a concrete contribution of the region in the development of the Global Compact on Refugees.
The MIRPS is a State-led initiative, supported by UNHCR together with the wider UN system, the Organization of American States (OAS), the Central American Integration System (SICA) and a range of different cooperating States and actors.  The MIRPS is the result of an extensive consultation process that translated national priorities and commitments into comprehensive and detailed national plans. The MIRPS constitutes a regional cooperation framework between countries of origin, transit, and destination, that promotes shared responsibility mechanisms, strengthens protection, and enhances solutions for refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, and returnees with protection needs. This regional process is also a clear expression of collaboration between governments, civil society, private sector, academia, regional and international organizations and development banks. The MIRPS serves as a practical tool to mobilize the support of the international community.
The National Action Plans identify specific programmes and prioritized actions, as well as the corresponding resources needed to strengthen the national and international protection systems and promote comprehensive and sustainable solutions. The MIRPS also puts forward action plans by 15 regional and international organizations, including both SICA and the OAS, which complement the national chapters by proposing cross-border, coordinated programmes and initiatives. Further, the MIRPS includes ten cooperating States that have committed to actively support the MIRPS, identifying specific areas they will support through financial assistance and technical cooperation. In line with the spirit of the Brazil Plan of Action, four States from South America participate in this shared responsibility mechanism, as an example of South-South cooperation.
The United Nations Development Group for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNDG LAC), together with the Resident Coordinators of countries in the region, is developing a comprehensive approach aimed at significantly reducing levels of violence by 2030. The United Nations Joint Initiative is focused on prevention, protection, law enforcement and access to justice. Work is also underway to develop a violence reduction index, a strategic approach to support countries in addressing chronic violence, and a roadmap to encourage and increase flexible funding.
The MIRPS has been developed through government-led consultations with all stakeholders, including persons of concern, UN country teams, civil society, the private sector and academia acquiring a whole-of-society approach. Regional networks and organizations complement the national action plans and set up regional and global responsibility-sharing mechanisms to bring a regional dimension to the MIRPS.
During the 48th session of the Organization of American States’ (OAS) General Assembly, held on June 5, 2018, its General Committee adopted a Resolution on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, presented by Mexico. The Resolution establishes an annual follow-up mechanism for the implementation of the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework in Central America and Mexico, the MIRPS, with technical support from the OAS General Secretariat and UNHCR.
Reporting at regional level will be complemented by a national monitoring mechanism that intends to track national commitments for the period covering 2018-2020. The OAS is also setting up a MIRPS support group comprised of MIRPS countries and cooperating States and institutions to facilitate the cooperation among actors and the negotiation of such a follow-up mechanism. The group will help convene an annual progress review meeting on the MIRPS in 2018, one year after the adoption of the San Pedro Sula Declaration.
The Central American Council of Ombudspersons also met to agree on a concrete programme of action to support the MIRPS for the period of 2018-2020, including joint border monitoring and advocacy campaigns for forcibly displaced persons.
Operational and funding needs to deliver on a comprehensive response
A quantification of national priorities and review of national budgets is underway to ensure national ownership of the CRRF and will be followed by the identification of international cooperation’s needs. As part of their involvement in the MIRPS, the UNDP and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) are providing support in this regard.
In the meantime, a portfolio of 30 priority projects that dovetail with the longer-term operationalization of the three year national plans into joint programming and projects, engaging development partners and other key stakeholders has been developed. The total amount required to fully implement those in 2018 is USD 23 million.
UNHCR’s budget under the NCA situation totals over USD 32 million for 2018. Check the Global Focus website for a funding update.
The countries and territories of Latin America and the Caribbean, assembled in Brasilia on 19 and 20 February 2018 to conduct the first triennial progress review on the implementation of the Brazil Plan of Action. As part of this review, preparatory meetings took place focusing on Quality of Asylum, the Eradication of Statelessness, Comprehensive Solutions with emphasis on Local Integration, Solidarity with the NCA countries, through the MIRPS, and Solidarity with the Caribbean. The 100 points of Brasilia constitutes the regional contribution to the Global Compact on Refugees. See the 100 Points of Brasilia (20 February 2018) here.
Regional and Thematic Consultations
Solidarity with the Northern Triangle of Central America (MIRPS) (26 October, 2017), Eradication of Statelessness report (2-3 November 2017), Comprehensive Solutions with emphasis on Local Integration report (2-3 November 2017), Quality of Asylum report (13-14 November 2017) and Solidarity with the Caribbean report (4-6 December 2017)
These events took place thanks to the financial support of the European Union. Its resulting contents do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.
 The MIRPS application benefits from contributions of cooperating States, regional and international organizations and regional networks. Regional and international organizations and regional networks which function as cooperating actors are the Organization of American States (OAS), the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the General Secretariat of the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Secretariat of the Central American Social Integration System (SISCA), the Inter-American Development Bank, the UN Development Group for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNDG LAC), the Resident Coordinators the UN System in Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); the Central American Council of Human Rights Ombudsmen, the National Human Rights Commission of Mexico, the Latin American and Caribbean Ecclesiastic Network of Migration, Displacement, Asylum and Human Trafficking (CLAMOR); the Regional Network of Civil Society Organizations for Migration; the RRCOM Regional Plan of Action as contribution to the MIRPS (through UNHCR and OAS); the Risk, Emergency and Disaster Working Group for Latin American and the Caribbean (REDLAC); the Specialized Regional Group of Academics who support the MIRPS (GREAT MIRPS); and the Integrarse Network (Corporate Social Responsibility).
Contact person in UNHCR RO Panama
Diana Diaz Rodriguez (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Hugues Van Brabandt (email@example.com)
Contact person in UNHCR Regional Bureau for the Americas
Elisabet Diaz Sanmartin (DIAZSANM@unhcr.org)
Entre el 14 y 16 de enero, grupos mixtos de Honduras y El Salvador salieron de sus hogares con la esperanza de llegar a México y los Estados Unidos de América. Sus razones varían. Entre los grupos están personas que huyen de la violencia y la persecución en sus países, al igual que otros que buscan mejorar su situación económica, reunirse con sus familias en Estados Unidos o solventar sus necesidades de seguridad alimentaria. A la luz de estos movimientos mixtos de solicitantes de asilo y migrantes, el Sistema de Naciones Unidas y socios han enviado equipos a las fronteras para apoyar a los gobiernos en países de origen, tránsito y destino en sus respuestas a las necesidades de estos grupos, de acuerdo a sus respectivos mandatos.
Between 14 and 30 January, several small and large mixed groups from Honduras and El Salvador departed from different towns with the hope of reaching Mexico and the United States of America. Reasons for their flight vary. Among them are people fleeing violence and persecution in their countries of origin, as well as others looking to improve their economic situation, reunite with their families in the United States or solve their food security needs. In light of these mixed movements of asylum-seekers and migrants, the United Nations system and partners in the field have been deploying teams to the borders to support governments in the countries of origin, transit and destination in responding to the specific needs of these groups, according to the respective mandates.
Between 14 and 16 January, mixed groups from Honduras and El Salvador departed from different towns with the hope of reaching Mexico and the United States of America. Reasons for their flight vary. Among them are people fleeing violence and persecution in their countries, as well as others looking to improve their economic situation, reunite with their families in the United States or solve their food security needs. Of particular concern is the vulnerability of those on the move, who might face risks related to smuggling or trafficking. During the reporting period, some 1,700 departed from Honduras, while approximately 220 have been confirmed to have departed from El Salvador. Among the groups from Honduras, at least 70 unaccompanied children were identified, 25 of them were referred for family reunification and 24 to the Child Protection authority (DINAF) for protection services. To date, an estimated 2,000 people have crossed into Guatemala, where the Early Warning and Response Plan was activated by the Protection Working Group, led by the United Nations Agencies, and local and international NGOs. In light of these mixed movements of asylum-seekers and migrants, the United Nations system and partners in the field have been deploying teams to the borders to support governments in the countries of origin, transit and destination in responding to the specific needs of these groups, according to the respective mandates.
This document contains the results of a case study conducted by UNHCR with the support of the European Union, on the MIRPS as an integrated regional response to forced displacement.