Building on existing regional cooperation and responsibility-sharing, including the Brazil Plan of Action and the San Jose Action Statement, 6 States – Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Panama – adopted the San Pedro Sula Declaration on October 26, 2017, agreeing to work together in the ongoing development and implementation of a Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (MIRPS in its Spanish acronym).
The MIRPS is a pioneering initiative in the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (Annex 1 of the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants) and a concrete contribution of the region in the development of the Global Compact on Refugees.
The MIRPS is a State-led initiative, supported by UNHCR together with the wider UN system, the Organization of American States (OAS), the Central American Integration System (SICA) and other relevant partners. The MIRPS is the result of an extensive consultation process that translated national priorities and commitments into comprehensive and detailed national plans. The MIRPS constitutes a regional cooperation framework between countries of origin, transit, and destination, that promotes shared responsibility mechanisms, strengthens protection, and enhances solutions for refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, and returnees with protection needs. This regional process is also a clear expression of collaboration between governments, civil society, private sector, academia, regional and international organizations and development banks. The MIRPS serves as a practical tool to mobilize the support of the international community.
The National Action Plans identify specific programmes and prioritized actions, as well as the corresponding resources needed to strengthen the national and international protection systems and promote comprehensive and sustainable solutions. The MIRPS also puts forward action plans by 15 regional and international organizations, including both SICA and the OAS, which complement the national chapters by proposing cross-border, coordinated programmes and initiatives. Further, the MIRPS includes ten cooperating States that have committed to actively support the MIRPS, identifying specific areas they will support through financial assistance and technical cooperation. In line with the spirit of the Brazil Plan of Action, four States from South America participate in this shared responsibility mechanism, as an example of South-South cooperation.
The MIRPS has been developed through government-led consultations with all stakeholders, including persons of concern, UN country teams, civil society, the private sector and academia acquiring a whole-of-society approach. Regional networks and organizations complement the national action plans and set up regional and global responsibility-sharing mechanisms to bring a regional dimension to the MIRPS.
The countries and territories of Latin America and the Caribbean, assembled in Brasilia on 19 and 20 February 2018 to conduct the first triennial progress review on the implementation of the Brazil Plan of Action. As part of this review, preparatory meetings took place focusing on Quality of Asylum, the Eradication of Statelessness, Comprehensive Solutions with emphasis on Local Integration, Solidarity with the NCA countries, through the MIRPS, and Solidarity with the Caribbean. The 100 points of Brasilia constitutes the regional contribution to the Global Compact on Refugees. See the 100 Points of Brasilia (20 February 2018) here.
Regional and Thematic Consultations
Solidarity with the Northern Triangle of Central America (MIRPS) (26 October, 2017), Eradication of Statelessness report (2-3 November 2017), Comprehensive Solutions with emphasis on Local Integration report (2-3 November 2017), Quality of Asylum report (13-14 November 2017) and Solidarity with the Caribbean report (4-6 December 2017)
These events took place thanks to the financial support of the European Union. Its resulting contents do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.
As agreed in the San Pedro Sula Declaration, the MIRPS is understood as a dynamic and collaborative process, as reflected in a practical, detailed and living document. Thus, the six MIRPS states have agreed to work jointly to fine-tune their national chapters and to develop regional cooperation and responsibility sharing mechanisms, with the participation of all relevant stakeholders. Furthermore, the OAS was invited to develop a follow up mechanism for the implementation of the MIRPS and to facilitate the coordination and exchange of best practices.
Contact person in UNHCR RO Panama
Hugues Van Brabandt (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Contact person in UNHCR Regional Bureau for the Americas
Catia Lopes (email@example.com)
12/06/2018: Fifth formal consultation on the draft global compact on refugees (Geneva)
20/06/2018: World Refugee Day
25/06/2018: UNHCR’s Annual Consultations with NGOs (Geneva)
03/07/2018: Sixth formal consultation on the draft global compact on refugees (Geneva)
19/09/2018: Second anniversary of the adoption of the New York Declaration
This dashboard provides an overview of the regional commitments, developments and next steps in applying the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (CRPSF, "MIRPS" in Spanish) in Central America and Mexico.
This monthly document summarizes key developments in the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in Africa and the Americas.
This document lays out the regional approach of the CRRF in Central America and Mexico, its six national chapters of MIRPS countries and contributions from Cooperating Actors and Contributors from regional and international organizations.
El 3 de diciembre de 2014, 28 países y tres territorios de América Latina y el Caribe adoptaron por aclamación el Plan de Acción de Brasil, como conslusión del proceso conmemorative del 30 aniversario de la Declaración de Cartagena sobre Refugiados de 1984, para responder a los nuevos retos de la protección internacional y la identificación de soluciones para las personas refugiadas, desplazadas y apátridas en América Latina y el Caribe en los 10 años siguientes.