CRRF - UNHCR

6
MIRPS countries (Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Panama)
10
Cooperating states and entities supporting the MIRPS
180
Number of commitments by MIRPS countries and cooperating States
Over 1000
Persons of concern consulted in the process leading up to the MIRPS
291,400
Refugees and asylum seekers from NCA countries by end-2017
174,000
IDPs in Honduras between 2004-2014

Central America and Mexico

The Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (MIRPS)

Building on existing regional cooperation and responsibility-sharing, including the Brazil Plan of Action and the San Jose Action Statement, 6 States – Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Panama – adopted the San Pedro Sula Declaration on October 26, 2017, agreeing to work together in the ongoing development and implementation of a Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (MIRPS in its Spanish acronym).
The MIRPS is a pioneering initiative in the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (Annex 1 of the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants) and a concrete contribution of the region in the development of the Global Compact on Refugees.


State-led process, multiple actors

The MIRPS is a State-led initiative, supported by UNHCR together with the wider UN system, the Organization of American States (OAS), the Central American Integration System (SICA) and a range of different cooperating States and actors. [1] The MIRPS is the result of an extensive consultation process that translated national priorities and commitments into comprehensive and detailed national plans. The MIRPS constitutes a regional cooperation framework between countries of origin, transit, and destination, that promotes shared responsibility mechanisms, strengthens protection, and enhances solutions for refugees, asylum seekers, internally displaced persons, and returnees with protection needs. This regional process is also a clear expression of collaboration between governments, civil society, private sector, academia, regional and international organizations and development banks. The MIRPS serves as a practical tool to mobilize the support of the international community.


National action plans and regional cooperation 

The National Action Plans identify specific programmes and prioritized actions, as well as the corresponding resources needed to strengthen the national and international protection systems and promote comprehensive and sustainable solutions. The MIRPS also puts forward action plans by 15 regional and international organizations, including both SICA and the OAS, which complement the national chapters by proposing cross-border, coordinated programmes and initiatives. Further, the MIRPS includes ten cooperating States that have committed to actively support the MIRPS, identifying specific areas they will support through financial assistance and technical cooperation. In line with the spirit of the Brazil Plan of Action, four States from South America participate in this shared responsibility mechanism, as an example of South-South cooperation.


Major achievements

The MIRPS has been developed through government-led consultations with all stakeholders, including persons of concern, UN country teams, civil society, the private sector and academia acquiring a whole-of-society approach. Regional networks and organizations complement the national action plans and set up regional and global responsibility-sharing mechanisms to bring a regional dimension to the MIRPS.

  •  As a direct result of the MIRPS, Mexico has taken steps to guarantee access to training, employment programmes and financial services to refugees. Guatemala has further advanced in their commitment to provide access to job support services for refugees. Belize and Panama proposed actions to include refugees in national education services. In Costa Rica refugees living in vulnerable circumstances will enjoy access to government-led welfare programmes and Honduras started a project to map of potentially contested land in future return areas laying the groundwork for a more participatory solutions approach.
  • A portfolio of 30 priority projects that dovetail with the longer term operationalization of the three year national plans into joint programming and projects, engaging development partners and other key stakeholders has been developed. This initial investment aims to reinforce and promote the underlining partnerships that form the foundation of the MIRPS.
  • The Organization of the Americas States (OAS) secretariat is setting up a follow-up mechanism for implementation of the MIRPS and to facilitate the coordination and exchange of best practices.
  • United States, Canada, Australia and Uruguay have guaranteed their cooperation through expanding their countries quotas to the Protection Transfer Agreement (PTA). Argentina and Brazil have also have also expressed their commitment to participate in the PTA program in 2018.

Key documents


Regional contribution to the global compact on refugees

The countries and territories of Latin America and the Caribbean, assembled in Brasilia on 19 and 20 February 2018 to conduct the first triennial progress review on the implementation of the Brazil Plan of Action. As part of this review, preparatory meetings took place focusing on Quality of Asylum, the Eradication of Statelessness, Comprehensive Solutions with emphasis on Local Integration, Solidarity with the NCA countries, through the MIRPS, and Solidarity with the Caribbean. The 100 points of Brasilia constitutes the regional contribution to the Global Compact on Refugees. See the 100 Points of Brasilia (20 February 2018) here.

Regional and Thematic Consultations

Solidarity with the Northern Triangle of Central America (MIRPS) (26 October, 2017),  Eradication of Statelessness  report (2-3 November 2017), Comprehensive Solutions with emphasis on Local Integration report (2-3 November 2017), Quality of Asylum report (13-14 November 2017) and  Solidarity with the Caribbean report (4-6 December 2017)

These events took place thanks to the financial support of the European Union. Its resulting contents do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Union.


Next steps

As agreed in the San Pedro Sula Declaration, the MIRPS is understood as a dynamic and collaborative process, as reflected in a practical, detailed and living document. Thus, the six MIRPS states have agreed to work jointly to fine-tune their national chapters and to develop regional cooperation and responsibility sharing mechanisms, with the participation of all relevant stakeholders. Furthermore, the OAS was invited to develop a follow up mechanism for the implementation of the MIRPS and to facilitate the coordination and exchange of best practices.


[1] The MIRPS application benefits from contributions of cooperating States, regional and international organizations and regional networks. Regional and international organizations and regional networks which function as cooperating actors are the Organization of American States (OAS), the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, the General Secretariat of the Central American Integration System (SICA), the Secretariat of the Central American Social Integration System (SISCA), the Inter-American Development Bank, the UN Development Group for Latin America and the Caribbean (UNDG LAC), the Resident Coordinators the UN System in Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); the Central American Council of Human Rights Ombudsmen, the National Human Rights Commission of Mexico, the Latin American and Caribbean Ecclesiastic Network of Migration, Displacement, Asylum and Human Trafficking (CLAMOR); the Regional Network of Civil Society Organizations for Migration; the RRCOM Regional Plan of Action as contribution to the MIRPS (through UNHCR and OAS); the Risk, Emergency and Disaster Working Group for Latin American and the Caribbean (REDLAC); the Specialized Regional Group of Academics who support the MIRPS (GREAT MIRPS); and the Integrarse Network (Corporate Social Responsibility).

 

Contact person in UNHCR RO Panama

Hugues Van Brabandt (vanbraba@unhcr.org)

Contact person in UNHCR Regional Bureau for the Americas 

Catia Lopes (lopes@unhcr.org)

Sub-pages on MIRPS countries: 


Belize

Costa Rica

Guatemala

Honduras

Mexico

Panama


 

Links

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Highlights

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Documents

CRRF Global Update, June 2018

Belize Central America and Mexico Chad Costa Rica Djibouti Ethiopia Guatemala Honduras Kenya Mexico Panama Rwanda Somali Situation Uganda Zambia | CRRF external global updates
31.94 KB

This monthly document summarizes key developments in the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in Africa and the Americas.

Published: 3 April, 2018 (3 weeks ago )
Uploaded: 3 April, 2018 (3 weeks ago )

MIRPS póster: la aplicación del Marco de Respuesta Integral para los Refugiados en Norte y Centroamérica, Junio de 2018

Central America and Mexico Belize Costa Rica Guatemala Honduras Mexico Panama | MIRPS dashboard
31.94 KB

Acorde con la larga tradición de cooperación regional para responder a los desafíos de protección, seis Estados de la región - Belice, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, México y Panamá- adoptaron la Declaración de San Pedro Sula el 26 de octubre de 2017, y acordaron trabajar de forma conjunta en el continuo desarrollo e implementación del Marco Integral Regional para la Protección y Soluciones (MIRPS). El MIRPS es una iniciativa pionera en la aplicación del Marco de Respuesta Integral para los Refugiados (CRRF, por sus siglas en inglés) y una contribución concreta de la región en el desarrollo del Pacto Mundial sobre los Refugiados.

Published: 3 April, 2018 (1 month ago )
Uploaded: 3 April, 2018 (1 month ago )

CRRF Global Update, May 2018

Djibouti Chad Ethiopia Zambia Rwanda Uganda Somali Situation Belize Costa Rica Honduras Guatemala Mexico Central America and Mexico Panama | CRRF external global updates
31.94 KB

This monthly document summarizes key developments in the application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) in Africa and the Americas.

Published: 3 April, 2018 (2 months ago )
Uploaded: 3 April, 2018 (2 months ago )

MIRPS poster - Americas, June 2018

Central America and Mexico Belize Costa Rica Guatemala Mexico Honduras Panama | MIRPS dashboard
31.94 KB

This poster provides an overview of the regional commitments, developments and next steps in applying the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (CRPSF, "MIRPS" in Spanish) in Central America and Mexico.

Published: 3 April, 2018 (2 months ago )
Uploaded: 3 April, 2018 (2 months ago )

The MIRPS: full text (Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework)

Central America and Mexico | Declarations
31.94 KB

This document lays out the regional approach of the CRRF in Central America and Mexico, its six national chapters of MIRPS countries and contributions from Cooperating Actors and Contributors from regional and international organizations.

Published: 3 April, 2018 (3 months ago )
Uploaded: 3 April, 2018 (3 months ago )

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